WorkPackage 3: Distribution of key species and ecosystem types

- Objectives - Deliverables - Publications -

Leaders: Webjorn Melle (IMR); Xabier Irigoien (AZTI)
Contributors: UHAM; MRI-HAFRO; SAHFOS;

Objectives: (see full WP description - restricted access)

The primary objective of this work package is to resolve the oceanographic habitats utilized by key
biogeochemical and ecosystem species in the North Atlantic. This will be done by:

1. Conducting retrospective analyses on different scales (basin, meso and small scale) of key ecological and biogeochemical species and trophic positions in relation to oceanography (e.g. T, S stratification and advection regime) and seasonality of the systems

2. Characterizing the distribution of food web types and key species in the basin and shelves
in terms of abundance, biomass and size spectra

3. Characterizing the population genetic structures in keystone species within biogeochemical and trophic cycles using novel molecular approaches (temporal sampling in combination with genome scans) to determine evolutionary responses to climate change

4. Developing habitat and process models for monitoring and predicting the future changes in key species and food web biogeography due to prominent ecosystem drivers

5. Provide indices of the physical characteristics of key species and food web habitats for development of past present and future states to be simulated in WP6 and the development of ecosystem trajectories in WP7 Bioeconomic Modelling and WP8 Advancing Ocean Management.


WP3 Deliverables:

D3.1) Report on the biogeographic regimes of the North Atlantic and the dynamics to climate change: [Month 16 - April 2012; Responsible: Claudia Castellani]

D3.2) Preliminary report on community productivity efficiency/trophic structure/ecosystem state: relative to hydrographic regime [Month 30 - delivered June 2013; Responsible: Sunnje Basedow]

D3.3) Assess community productivity efficiency, trophic structure ecosystem state: relative to hydrographic regime [Oct 2014; Full Resport is CONFIDENTIAL, Responsible: Sunnje Basedow]

D3.4) Mapped the distribution of key biogeo-chemical groups in parallel with trophodynamic studies: related to food web interactions [Month 34 - Oct 2013; Responsible: Webjoern Melle]

D3.5) Report on molecular genomic data for validation of basin-scale scenario models: on biogeography for use in projection of trophodynamic players [Submitted Oct 2014 ; Responsible: Sunnje Basedow & Galice Horeau]

D3.6) Adaptive habitat models past & present geographical distribution: - preliminary model based on archived data [Month 24 - Dec 2012 delivered Feb 2013 ; Responsible: Guillem Chust]

D3.7) Adaptive habitat models past and present geographical distribution: – refined & based on new data [Month 34 - delivered Oct 2013; Responsible: Guillem Chust]

D3.8) Adaptive habitat models on past and present geographical distribution: – final model [Submitted Oct 2014; Responsible: Guillem Chust]



Open Access PublicationsEURO-BASIN will publish 100% of its research via Open Access in support of Horizon 2020 policy on Open Science. The orange icon below provides open access to the postprint (after all peer-review corrections) and the DOI leads to the publisher's version (restricted access). Full list of EURO-BASIN Open Access Publications in OpenAIRE

Open Access PublicationsBasedow, S.,Kurt S. Tande, M. Fredrika Norrbin, Stian A. Kristiansen 2012. Capturing quantitative zooplankton information in the sea: Performance test of laser optical plankton counter and video plankton recorder in a Calanus finmarchicus dominated summer situation, Progress in Oceanography, Volume 108, January 2013, Pages 72–80,

Open Access PublicationsBrom, Cecilie et al (2012). Navigation mechanisms of herring during feeding migration: the role of ecological gradients on an oceanic scale. Marine Biology Research: 8 (2012) no. 5-6, pp. 461-474. 10.1080/17451000.2011.640689

Open Access PublicationsClaudia Castellani, Yener Altunbas 2014. Seasonal change in acclimatised respiration rate of Temora longicornis, Marine Ecology Progress Series 500, doi: 10.3354/meps10661

Open Access PublicationsChust, G., Irigoien, X., Chave, J., Harris, R. P. 2013. Latitudinal phytoplankton distribution and the neutral theory of biodiversity. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 22: 531–543. doi: 10.1111/geb.12016

Chust, G., C. Castellani, P. Licandro, L. Ibaibarriaga, Y. Sagarminaga, X. Irigoien. Are Calanus spp. shifting poleward in the North Atlantic? A habitat modelling approach. ICES Journal of Marine Science. DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fst147

Chust, G., J. Icarus Allen, L. Bopp, C. Schrum, J. Holt, K. Tsiaras, M. Zavatarelli, M. Chifflet, H. Cannaby, I. Dadou, U. Daewel, S. L. Wakelin, E. Machu, D. Pushpadas, M. Butenschon, Y. Artioli, G. Petihakis, C. Smith, V. Garçon, K. Goubanova, B. Le Vu, B. A. Fach, B. Salihoglu, E. Clementi, and X. Irigoien. 2014. Biomass changes and trophic amplification of plankton in a warmer ocean.
Global Change Biology (In press). DOI:10.1111/gcb.12562

Open Access PublicationsMöller KO, St John M, Temming A, Floeter J, Sell AF, Herrmann JP, Möllmann C (2012) Marine snow, zooplankton and thin layers: indications of a trophic link from small-scale sampling with the Video Plankton Recorder. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 468:57-69, doi:10.3354/meps09984

Open Access PublicationsGislason, A., and Silva, T. 2012. Abundance, composition, and development of zooplankton in the Subarctic Iceland Sea in 2006, 2007, and 2008. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 69: doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fss070

Palsson, OKP, Gislason, A, Gudfinnsson, H., Gunnarsson, B., Olafsdóttir, S. R., Petursdóttir, H. Sveinbjörnsson, S., Valdimarsson, H., Thorisson, K. 2012. Ecosystem structure in the Iceland Sea. ICES J. Mar. Sci. (2012) doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fss071

Open Access PublicationsPetursdottir, H., Falk-Petersen, S., and Gislason, A. 2012. Trophic interactions of meso- and macrozooplankton and fish in the Iceland Sea as evaluated by fatty acid and stable isotope analysis. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 69: doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fss125

Open Access PublicationsHjøllo S., G. Huse , MD. Skogen & W. Melle 2012. Modelling secondary production in the Norwegian Sea with a fully coupled physical/primary production/individual-based C. finmarchicus model system, Mar. Biol. Res. 8:5-6, 508-526 doi: 10.1080/17451000.2011.642805#.Uf-hm222Ed8

Open Access PublicationsRiisgaard, Karen et al (2014). Trophic role and top-down control of a subarctic protozooplankton community. MEPS 500, p57 10.3354/meps10706


Basedow SL, Zhou M, Tande KS (in review) Growth and mortality within a mesozooplankton community at the polar front, Barents Sea. J Mar Sys.



WP3 Key Species & Ecosystem Types
is represented on the Scientific Steering Committee by:

Webjoern Melle Webjorn Melle


+47 55 23 84 77


The Workpackage is also co-lead by:
Guillem Chust
Guillem CHUST
AZTI, Spain


+34 94 6574000

Research WorkPackages (WP) & Focus:

WP Focus Leader
WP1 Data Integration Un. Bremen
WP2 Carbon Pump NOC;CNRS-UBO
WP3 Key Species IMR;Un. Nordland
WP4 Trophic Flow HAFRO;Un.Swansea
WP5 Living Resources IFREMER; DTU
WP6 Basin-scale Modelling PML;CNRS-UBO
WP7 Bioeconomic Modelling PML;UEA;IRD
WP8 Ocean Management DTU;Un. Hamburg

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